Yarrow, a member of the Asteraceae family, is one of the most widely used
medicinal plants and widespread species in North America. Although it is
native to Europe, it can now be found in all 50 U.S. states plus all
Canadian provinces and territories, as well as in Greenland. The perennial
herb propagates from an extensive root system, known as the rhizome. During
the early stage, the hairy stems grow close to the ground; then reach up to
3 feet during flowering, which occurs from June to October. The tiny flowers
that grow in flat-topped composite clusters at the top of the stems are
usually bone-white but can occasionally be found in tinged pink, faint brown
or light purple. The feather-like and finely-divided leaves are lanceolate
in outline and up to 350 mm long and 40 mm wide, giving it a lacy
Although Yarrow essential oil is found to be anti-inflammatory,
anti-allergenic and antispasmodic, it is best known for its wound healing
capabilities, particularly in staunching the flow of blood. It is considered
a vulnerary and hemostatic with antiseptic and antibacterial properties. The
astringent action of the leaf, when inserted into a nostril, may stop a
nosebleed. Used as an infusion, it can help speed up the healing process of
skin ulcers, rashes and hemorrhoids. Yarrow has long been used by the Native
Americans to treat a variety of skin ailments.
Yarrow essential oil is also beneficial in lowering high blood pressure and
is particularly helpful in combating migraine headache. It is an effective
treatment during the early stages of measles and chickenpox, and can be used
to treat a variety of wounds and ailments such as acne, amenorrhea,
arteriosclerosis, burns, constipation, cramp, cystitis, dysmenorrhea,
eczema, flatulence, hemorrhoids, hypertension, indigestion, insomnia,
promotes hair growth, stress and veins.
Yarrow essential oil has a sweet herbaceous scent with a slightly hint of
camphor. The aroma is fresh with spicy undertones.
The scent of Yarrow inspires a feeling of security and helps clarify the
mind to improve long-term planning.
Despite its medicinal benefits, Yarrow essential oil should not be used for
long periods of time as it may have a cumulative medicinal effect on the
system. Also, pregnant and lactating women should avoid the use of Yarrow
oil, due to its uterine stimulating properties.
Do not take essential oils internally or use without the guidance of
a qualified practitioner. The information provided here is for general
use only and is not intended to replace medical diagnosis or treatment.
Avoid during pregnancy.